Servant to others

John 13:1-17

Exodus 12:27

'you shall say, "It is the sacrifice of the LORD's Passover, for he passed over the houses of the people of Israel in Egypt, when he struck the Egyptians but spared our houses."' And the people bowed their heads and worshiped. (use)

Revelation 5:6

And between the throne and the four living creatures and among the elders I saw a Lamb standing, as though it had been slain, with seven horns and with seven eyes, which are the seven spirits of God sent out into all the earth. (use)

Let us come at once to the teaching of the Saviour, and let it be surrounded with an unusual interest, because of the fact that it is his dying teaching.

Spurgeon. C.H., 1865. Jesus Washing his Disciples' Feet.

With the cross looming, the King of the universe washed His disciples' feet. Why would Jesus do such a thing?

Begg. A., 2014. The Servant King.

John 13:1

Now before the Feast of the Passover, when Jesus knew that his hour had come to depart out of this world to the Father, having loved his own who were in the world, he loved them to the end. (use)

As the first Passover had been the turning point in the redemption of the people of God, so the Cross would be the opening of a new era for believers.

Tenney, M.C., 1981. John. In John-Acts. Vol. 9 of The Expositor's Bible Commentary. pg.135

Acts 2:23

this Jesus, delivered up according to the definite plan and foreknowledge of God, you crucified and killed by the hands of lawless men. (use)

John 13:3

Jesus, knowing that the Father had given all things into his hands, and that he had come from God and was going back to God, (use)

For, to confess that God exists, and at the same time to deny that He has foreknowledge of future things, is the most manifest folly

Augustine of Hippo, 426AD. City of God.

The idea that God declares his future purposes to his servants is at the heart of the book's theology.

Wenham, G., 1977. Daniel The Basic Issues.

John 13:18

I am not speaking of all of you; I know whom I have chosen. But the Scripture will be fulfilled, 'He who ate my bread has lifted his heel against me.' (use)

Psalm 41:9

Even my close friend in whom I who ate my bread, has lifted his heel against me. (use)

Christ gives here a clear proof of his Divinity; first, when he declares that he does not judge after the manner of men; and, secondly, when he pronounces himself to be the Author of election. For when he says, I know, the knowledge, of which he speaks, belongs peculiarly to God; but the second proof — contained in the words, whom I have chosen — is far more powerful, for he testifies that they who were elected before the creation of the world were elected by himself.

Calvin, J., 1555. Commentary.

John 13:2

During supper, when the devil had already put it into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon’s son, to betray him, (use)

However, this man was an apostle of Christ's whom Satan tempted to betray him; so that we see that the highest office, and greatest gifts, cannot secure men from the temptations of Satan.

Gills, J., 1748. Exposition of the Bible Commentary.

John 19:11

Jesus answered him, "You{Pilate} would have no authority over me at all unless it had been given you from above. Therefore he who delivered me over to you has the greater sin." (use)

Few incidents in the gospel story so reveal the character of Jesus and so perfectly show his love. When we think of what Jesus might have been and of what he might have done the supreme wonder of what he was and did comes home to us.

Barclay, W., 1953. Daily Study Bible.

All of the Gospel writers integrated Jesus' ministry to the masses and His training of the Twelve. But John recorded much of Jesus' private teaching of the Twelve, between the Triumphal Entry and His arrest, that the other evangelists did not mention.

Constable, T., 2022. Expository Notes.

John 13:5

Then he poured water into a basin and began to wash the disciples’ feet and to wipe them with the towel that was wrapped around him. (use)

"Where did you get those liberal talking points?" And what was alarming to me{Moore} is that in most of these scenarios, when the pastor would say, "I'm literally quoting Jesus Christ," the response would not be, "I apologize." The response would be, "Yes, but that doesn't work anymore. That's weak."

Moore.R., 2023. He was a top church official who criticized Trump. He says Christianity is in crisis. On, All Things Considered

Jesus Christ was a consummate philosopher: every subject appears grand and noble in his hands.

Clarke, A., 1831. Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible.

John 13:7

Jesus answered him, "What I am doing you do not understand now, but afterward you will understand." (use)

The words of our Lord to Peter, "What I do thou knowest not now; but thou shalt know hereafter", show that underneath the outward action of the Lord in washing the disciples' feet there is a deeper spiritual meaning.

Gaebelein, A., 1922. Arno Gaebelein Annotated Bible.

John 13:8

Peter said to him, "You shall never wash my feet." Jesus answered him, "If I do not wash you, you have no share with me." (use)

We must let Christ take his own way, and we shall find in the issue it was the best way.

Henry, M., 1896. Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary on the Whole Bible. UK. John

Ah! my hearers, some of you are so far from ever having your feet washed daily, that you have never been washed at all. "There is a fountain filled with blood," but filled in vain, as far as you are concerned; there is a Saviour, but you are unsaved; there is balm in Gilead, but you are not healed; there is a Physician there, but you are still sick; there is life in Christ, but you are dead; the brazen serpent is lifted up, but you are dying of the fiery serpent’s bite. One look at Jesus will save, but that look you have not given; you are without God, without Christ, without hope.

Spurgeon. C.H., 1865. Jesus Washing his Disciples' Feet.

John 13:10

Jesus said to him, "The one who has bathed does not need to wash, except for his feet, but is completely clean. And you are clean, but not every one of you." (use)

Romans 5:1

Therefore, since we have been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ. (use)

1 John 1:9

If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness. (use)

Titus 3:5

he saved us, not because of works done by us in righteousness, but according to his own mercy, by the washing of regeneration and renewal of the Holy Spirit, (use)

He is the Advocate with the Father to restore us to fellowship. We must come to Him with our failures, our stumbling, imperfect walk, our defilement, and place ourselves into His hands as the disciples placed their soiled feet in His loving hands. His own perfect light will then search our innermost beings and bring to light what has defiled us, so that, after cleansing, we can enjoy His fellowship and have part with Him.

Gaebelein, A., 1922. Arno Gaebelein Annotated Bible.

Washed by the blood once for sins but with the feet washing as reminder on ongoing forgiveness.

John 13:14

If I then, your Lord and Teacher, have washed your feet, you also ought to wash one another’s feet. (use)

Is it not most significant that nothing is said in this chapter about the washing of the disciples' hands?

Pink, A.W., 1945. Exposition of the Gospel of John.

Exodus 30:19

with which Aaron and his sons shall wash their hands and their feet. (use)

John 13:15

For I have given you an example, that you also should do just as I have done to you. (use)

Humility is the only soil in which the graces root,

Wiersbe, W.W., 1989. The Bible Exposition Commentary. 1:345

What was I made for?

Eilish. B., 2023. What was I made for?

Denial is great. Sacrifice is fantastic. And we have a lot to learn from such willpower and discipline. But discipline for what? To “delight in Christ”? Or to have a vegan diet, so that we reduce animal suffering and Climate Change?

Ferencik, J., 2017. Why Lukewarm Christianity is the Only Good Option for a Secular Society.

Isaiah 64:6

We have all become like one who is unclean, and all our righteous deeds are like a polluted garment. We all fade like a leaf, and our iniquities, like the wind, take us away. (use)

James 2:16

and one of you says to them, "Go in peace, be warmed and filled," without giving them the things needed for the body, what good is that? (use)

James 2:17

So also faith by itself, if it does not have works, is dead. (use)

Mark 2:24

And the Pharisees were saying to him, "Look, why are they doing what is not lawful on the Sabbath?" (use)

Now, therefore, he discloses the reason of what he had done; namely, that he who is the Master and Lord of all gave an example to be followed by all the godly, that none might grudge to descend to do a service to his brethren and equals, however mean and low that service might be.

Calvin, J., 1555. Commentary.

2 Samuel 6:14

And David danced before the LORD with all his might. And David was wearing a linen ephod. (use)

You have never talked to a mere mortal. Nations, cultures, arts, civilization—these are mortal, and their life is to ours as the life of a gnat. But it is immortals whom we joke with, work with, marry, snub, and exploit— immortal horrors or everlasting splendours.

Lewis, C.S., 1941. The Weight of Glory.

The world is full of people who are standing on their dignity when they ought to be kneeling at the feet of their brethren.

Barclay, W., 1953. Daily Study Bible.

The Church has for the most part looked below the mere form to the real substance of the Lord's teaching, and only thus can we appreciate it adequately... ...The service demanded is the self-forgetting ministry of love, which places the interests of self behind and below those of others. Nothing is more theoretically easy and acceptable than this principle, but nothing more difficult of accomplishment.

Spence-Jones, H.D.M., 1880. The Pulpit Commentary.

John 13:13

You call me Teacher and Lord, and you are right, for so I am. (use)

Humanity has no redemption arc outside of the cross of christ

John 14:6

Jesus said to him, "I am the way, and the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me." (use)