Jude 1:1-16

Contending for the faith?

Jude 1:1-16

Jude 1:1

Jude, a servant of Jesus Christ and brother of James, To those who are called, beloved in God the Father and kept for Jesus Christ (use)

the half-brother of Jesus Christ

Matthew 13:55

Is not this the carpenter’s son? Is not his mother called Mary? And are not his brothers James and Joseph and Simon and Judas? (use)

Mark 6:3

Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary and brother of James and Joses and Judas and Simon? And are not his sisters here with us?” And they took offense at him. (use)

and a brother of James, the leader of the Jerusalem church

Matthew 1:25

but knew her not until she had given birth to a son. And he called his name Jesus. (use)

Acts 15:13

After they finished speaking, James replied, “Brothers, listen to me." (use)

A predominantly, but not exclusively, Jewish Christian community in a Gentile society seems to account best for what little we can gather about the recipients of Jude's letter.

Bauckham, R.J., 1983. Jude, 2 Peter. Word Biblical Commentary series.

Jude 1:1

Jude, a servant of Jesus Christ and brother of James, To those who are called, beloved in God the Father and kept for Jesus Christ (use)

You may fear that the Lord has passed you by, but it is not so: He who counts the stars, and calls them by their names, is in no danger of forgetting His own children. He knows your case as thoroughly as if you were the only creature He ever made, or the only saint He ever loved. Approach Him and be at peace.

Spurgeon, C.H., 1866. Morning and Evening.

Fear not, I have redeemed thee. I have called thee by My name; thou art Mine.

Bonar, A., 2016. Memoir and Remains of the Rev. Robert Murray M'Cheyne.

Jude is not an epistle one reads for comfort or to ponder esoteric questions about theology; it is a letter of challenge. It is a letter of outrage, and we are unaccustomed to this much passion.

Kraftchick, S.J., 2002. Jude, 2 Peter. Abingdon New Testament Commentaries series.

Few books in the New Testament have more to say to our generation than the Epistle of Jude.

Radmacher, E.D., 1997. The Nelson Study Bible. pg. 2156

Jude 1:2

May mercy, peace, and love be multiplied to you. (use)

They are not self-acquired Christian virtues, but the gifts of God, which, the author prays, may be abundantly bestowed upon his readers. Nevertheless, by a divine alchemy, the gifts of God are transformed into human characteristics.

Wand, J.W.C., 1934. The General Epistles of St. Peter and St. Jude. Westminster Commentaries series. London: Methuen & Co. p.196

Jude 1:3

Beloved, although I was very eager to write to you about our common salvation, I found it necessary to write appealing to you to contend for the faith that was once for all delivered to the saints. (use)

Yes, this is the world without any anchor in an ocean of individual caprice, on a wandering journey to shipwreck.

Baglin, R., 2020. Yes, this is the world without any anchor.

Matthew 28:19

Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, (use)

Matthew 28:20

teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you. And behold, I am with you always, to the end of the age. (use)

We can't truly know God or live for God until we know the facts God gives us about himself.

Challies, T., 2019. We Are All Theologians.

Such preaching necessitates declaring the full counsel of God in Scripture. The entire written Word must be expounded. No truth should be left untaught, no sin unexposed, no grace unoffered, no promise undelivered.

Lawson, S., 1989. Preach the Word.

Authentic disciples cannot cling to the the truth about Jesus while avoiding the way of Jesus. The Jesus truth plus the Jesus way equals the Jesus life.

Vreeland. D., 2018. We've Gotten Salvation All Wrong: Let's Reclaim the Heart of Christian Discipleship.

Jude 1:4

For certain people have crept in unnoticed who long ago were designated for this condemnation, ungodly people, who pervert the grace of our God into sensuality and deny our only Master and Lord, Jesus Christ. (use)

One thought characterizes this epistle: beware of the apostates.

Pentecost, E.C., 1983. "Jude," in The Bible Knowledge Commentary: New Testament. pg. 918

2 Peter 2:1

But false prophets also arose among the people, just as there will be false teachers among you, who will secretly bring in destructive heresies, even denying the Master who bought them, bringing upon themselves swift destruction. (use)

The next step is that he justifies his behavior with intellectual rationalization. He has to convince himself that what he is doing is right in order to silence his guilty conscience. Consequently he figures out a way to convince himself that wrong is right. In so doing, he must also convince himself that right is wrong. This leads to a denial of God's Word. What God has said is wrong, the apostate says is all right, and what God has said is right, he says is wrong. He has moved from volitional, to moral apostasy, and then to intellectual apostasy. All three aspects of apostatizing counter loving God with all one's heart, strength, and mind.

Constable, T., 2022. Expository Notes.

Titus 1:16

They profess to know God, but they deny him by their works. They are detestable, disobedient, unfit for any good work. (use)

1 John 2:22

Who is the liar but he who denies that Jesus is the Christ? This is the antichrist, he who denies the Father and the Son. (use)

Fix your eyes on this one truth God is madly in love with you

Houston, J., 2018. Good Grace.

Since God is coherent, life is not arbitrary. Following personal truths is cheap. Seeking revealed truth is costly. It requires the hard work of discernment, weighing alternative truth claims and counting the cost of discipleship.

Jenkins, B., 2016. The Most Revolutionary Thing a Woman Can Do.

Jude 1:5

Now I want to remind you, although you once fully knew it, that Jesus, who saved a people out of the land of Egypt, afterward destroyed those who did not believe. (use)

We are ignorant of things necessary, because we learn things superfluous and unnecessary.

Baxter, R. 1825. A Body of Practical Divinity and Cases of Conscience.

The Torah is not a book we turn to for historical accuracy, but rather for truth. The story of the Exodus lives in us. Standing at the Passover Seder, I see in my mind's eye the Israelites marching out of Egypt, the miracles at the sea, and the pillar of fire leading them through the fearful night. I feel an enormous gratitude to God. For although we cannot know exactly how God has saved our people, we have been saved. Despite unimaginable odds and opposition, the Jewish people have seen nation after nation buried under the debris of history while our nation lives.

Wolpe, D., 2004. Did the Exodus Really Happen?

Exodus 13:21

And the LORD went before them by day in a pillar of cloud to lead them along the way, and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light, that they might travel by day and by night. (use)

Exodus 14:19

Then the angel of God who was going before the host of Israel moved and went behind them, and the pillar of cloud moved from before them and stood behind them, (use)

It {Exodus} is the story of two very different nations coming into close contact with the one living and true God. For one of those nations, that encounter becomes a shattering experience—Pharaoh’s crowned head is bowed low, Egypt’s gods are defeated, and the nation experiences the wrath of God Almighty. For the other nation, though—for Israel—this encounter with God becomes an exhilarating experience of deep love from—and dramatic rescue by—a God of unimaginable power.

Gilbert, G., 2018. The Story of Redemption: How Each Book of the Bible Relates to the Unfolding Promises of God.

John 5:18

This was why the Jews were seeking all the more to kill him, because not only was he breaking the Sabbath, but he was even calling God his own Father, making himself equal with God. (use)

Jude 1:7

just as Sodom and Gomorrah and the surrounding cities, which likewise indulged in sexual immorality and pursued unnatural desire, serve as an example by undergoing a punishment of eternal fire. (use)

Your eternal destiny is determined by the truth. Your relationship to the truth will determine where you will spend all eternity. Your relationship to the truth will determine whether you are in heaven or in hell forever. Your relationship to the truth will chart the course of your life in this world. Your relationship to the truth will define your family. It will direct your business. It will be a lamp unto your feet and a light unto your path. Your entire life is marked by the truth. Everything that does not measure with the truth is a facade. Only once the truth has spoken may we understand what true reality is.

Lawson, S., 2018. The Moment of Truth: Its Reality.

Genesis 19:24

Then the LORD rained on Sodom and Gomorrah sulfur and fire from the LORD out of heaven. (use)

Nahum 2:13

Behold, I am against you,{Nineveh} declares the LORD of hosts, and I will burn your chariots in smoke, and the sword shall devour your young lions. I will cut off your prey from the earth, and the voice of your messengers shall no longer be heard. (use)

Jude 1:9

But when the archangel Michael, contending with the devil, was disputing about the body of Moses, he did not presume to pronounce a blasphemous judgment, but said, "The Lord rebuke you." (use)

One of the key tenets of Christianity is not to judge. That judgement will come from a high authority in due course.

Rees-Mogg, J., 2019. Interviewed by Channel 4 News, 12 June 2019. MPs reject Labour motion to prevent no-deal Brexit. at 12:36

Daniel 10:13

The prince of the kingdom of Persia withstood me twenty-one days, but Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help me, for I was left there with the kings of Persia, (use)

Revelation 12:7

Now war arose in heaven, Michael and his angels fighting against the dragon. And the dragon and his angels fought back, (use)

VII. All things in Scripture are not alike plain in themselves, nor alike clear unto all: yet those things which are necessary to be known, believed, and observed for salvation are so clearly propounded, and opened in some place of Scripture or other, that not only the learned, but the unlearned, in a due use of the ordinary means, may attain unto a sufficient understanding of them.

Westminster Divines,. 1646. The Westminster Confession of Faith.

As for interpretation, the Bible is not in code and is not by and large obscure; the books were written to be understood as they point their readers to God, and they yield up their meaning to all who are prepared to be so pointed.

Packer, J.I., 2013. Taking God Seriously. pg. 40

The main things are the plain things, and the plain things are the main things.

Begg, A., 2004. The Perfected Kingdom, Part Two.

Deuteronomy 34:5

So Moses the servant of the LORD died there in the land of Moab, according to the word of the LORD, (use)

Deuteronomy 34:6

and he buried him in the valley in the land of Moab opposite Beth-peor; but no one knows the place of his burial to this day. (use)

Jude 1:14

It was also about these that Enoch, the seventh from Adam, prophesied, saying, “Behold, the Lord comes with ten thousands of his holy ones, (use)

Genesis 5:24

Enoch walked with God, and he was not, for God took him. (use)

Hebrews 11:5

By faith Enoch was taken up so that he should not see death, and he was not found, because God had taken him. Now before he was taken he was commended as having pleased God. (use)

Revelation 11:3

And I will grant authority to my two witnesses, and they will prophesy for 1,260 days, clothed in sackcloth. (use)

Mark 8:38

For whoever is ashamed of me and of my words in this adulterous and sinful generation, of him will the Son of Man also be ashamed when he comes in the glory of his Father with the holy angels. (use)

Jude 1:15

to execute judgment on all and to convict all the ungodly of all their deeds of ungodliness that they have committed in such an ungodly way, and of all the harsh things that ungodly sinners have spoken against him. (use)

Matthew 25:31–32

When the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, then he will sit on his glorious throne. Before him will be gathered all the nations, and he will separate people one from another as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats. (use)

2 Timothy 4:1

I charge you in the presence of God and of Christ Jesus, who is to judge the living and the dead, and by his appearing and his kingdom: (use)

Revelation 20:15

And if anyone’s name was not found written in the book of life, he was thrown into the lake of fire. (use)

John 3:16

For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life. (use)

In the final judgment, it will not matter how much you achieved, nor how much you owned. All that will matter is: did you know the Lord?

Lawson, S., 2021. Did you know the Lord?

Topics and Themes

Key Verse

Jude 5

Now I want to remind you, although you once fully knew it, that Jesus, who saved a people out of the land of Egypt, afterward destroyed those who did not believe. (use)